The Royal Hanoverian Creams
Or Hanoverian Royal Creams. Your choice.
This page is in progress.
It was last updated January
I do not disable right click; I find it annoying, rude, and a waste of effort.
(Anyone with half a brain can work around it!)
Please give the appropriate credit if you quote or copy anything from here.
This page was originally an attempt at tracing the
origins of the Champagne color gene.
Now it's simply a collection of some references to
the past few centuries
in Europe and the U.S.,
many references to
the Royal Hanoverian Creams.
NOTICE: There was a farm in the US
advertising Royal Hanoverian Creams for sale. The breed is, however,
extinct, and THOSE HORSES ARE NOT ROYAL HANOVERIAN CREAMS, but are American
Cream Draft Horses and crosses. There is no known direct link between
the two breeds, and it's unlikely they are related at all.
Most recent additions:
January 20, 2011 --
I've found a page with many details I've
never seen anywhere else,
including a few that contradict some of what I've learned elsewhere:
I'm trying to contact its author/owner to see if I can get
permission to duplicate it here.
She is Kathryn Kane, an "historian with a particular interest the
English Regency era".
12:50 am Feb 1, 2010 --
I found a directory to the Royal
Academy of Art.
One portion is: "1820. 133. Portraits of old carriage horses in
his late Majesty's stud at Windsor. "
"The Coronation procession of William IV", shown (far
above) in thumbnail size only, is by the same painter.
Added later in 2010:
Sidney's Illustrated The Book of the Horse, 1875
Jennifer Brown scanned and
sent these pages from Sidney's Illustrated The Book of the Horse, 1875 (a
Click them to enlarge and read them. If anyone cares to transcribe their
text, I would be happy to put it on here, in that form.
Thanks to Jennifer, also for being the most recent person to
call this painting to my attention:
She noted, as I did the last time I saw a copy of this
painting, that this horse appears to have blue or green eyes, and so may very well be a double
cream dilute. Also
note that the muzzle skin is a clear pink, seemingly free of the
freckling of champagne or pearl.
This is assuming that the painting is an accurate reproduction.
Of course, it may have been idealized, or artistic license otherwise
Bear in mind that, as noted below, authors from these horses'
time stated that these horses bred true to color unless outcrossed,
so they must have been homozygous for whatever dilution gene was
causing their cream color.
Neither homozygous (cream free) champagne horses, nor homozygous
pearl horses, have green or blue eyes as adults.
My own research on this subject...
1999, when I emailed Dorothy Beardsley-Smith, an
American Cream Draft Horse breeder
in California (since deceased), to ask her to help us to determine whether that breed was basically
gold champagne in color. She replied to me that some of their breeders speculated
that the breed - and thus color - might have derived from the now-extinct
We later determined through many photographs, and my visit to
Acres in 2001, that the breed is indeed, almost all Gold [champagne],
with a few cream genes in the pool. Also, it later become apparent that
it is highly unlikely that the RHC is the source of the
champagne gene today.
But, in 1999, when I heard of the "Hanoverian Creams" as a possible source of the ACDH's
(champagne) color, I
immediately contacted everyone I could find who might have more
information on this.
Only a few sources had any input at all!
Dr. Philip Sponenberg said that he thought the color of the ACDH's came through a
Mustang of Spanish southwestern U.S. descent.
registry, that year, said that they had never heard of such a thing, and that the color surely would have been
considered undesirable. (I believe they have since learned more about it.)
in August 2001, Carolyn Shepard,
an online friend and horse color expert,
found, and emailed to me, an excerpt from a 1949
book, which mentioned the Hanoverian
Royal Creams (below).
that same time, Julia Lord, another online horse color
expert/friend, was emailing me excerpts from old
books she had read, about the colors of dun, palomino and champagne (also
below). We shared the Hanoverian Cream information with her, and she sic'd an historian friend of hers on it. Soon, she was sending me links,
which I then followed to others, many mentioning "the Creams" and the
British royal family.
the coup de grace was when a British online friend of Julia's suggested a particular book
which mentioned "the Creams" quite a lot, scattered throughout
it. She was kind enough to tell me the title, and I (and Carolyn and she)
promptly ordered used copies online. It's called The Royal
Office of Master of the Horse. I have found it to be an incredible treasure trove of
information and pictures.
attempted to report the essence of all of the above information, below.
which Carolyn Shepard emailed me, from The Palomino Horse, by Doreen
Norton, published in 1949; page 223, about the Royal Creams:
Royal Creams are sometimes mentioned in connection with Palominos,
although any close association is now doubtful. The Hanoverian Royal
Creams were brought to England from Prussia by George I in 1714, but it is
generally believed they originated in Spain. (Although John Lawrence,
writing in 1809, says these animals 'may not improbably be of Persian
origin'). Some say Prussian nobles received such horses for services in
the Spanish army."
Royal Creams were a coach breed, more buff or ivory than golden, with
light but not white mane and tail. They had pink skins and eyes with white
irises and red pupils, and often had coarse heads with Roman noses, so
would not be admired by modern Palomino breeders."
1724 to 1921, with few exceptions, these horses were always used on State
occasions, such as the opening of Parliament. They were bred at the royal
stables at Hampton Court. They dwindled in numbers until in 1921 the
remaining Royal Creams were sold, and no longer used by British royalty.
Most of the animals went to circuses, but a few were purchased by Sir Hugh
Garrard Tyrwhitt-Drake, who is trying to preserve the strain."
Julia Lord's notes from the book "America's Horses and Ponies",
published in 1969:
"Color Breeds" they have "Albino",
"Palomino", and "Buckskin".
is a quote Julia sent from the book:
is another kind of Palomino, and although the PHBA does not register it,
the PHA does. The difference between the two is that the second kind has a
pink or yellow skin instead of black. The coat of the light-skinned
palomino stays gold the year around, with the winter coat slightly darker,
but the dark-skinned palomino's coat may turn cream or white in the
winter, only regaining its golden sheen when the winter coat sheds
note: this is a very good comparison of gold champagne to
quote from the same book, this one about the American Cream Draft
get the proper shade of cream each time, only horses with pink skins are
used, for dark-skinned creams have changeable coat colors. The eyes are
amber, an unusual color and a shade peculiar to the American Cream.
The young foal's eyes are almost white, but as the animal matures they
gradually darken until a deep honey color is reached."
my note: I have found this to be true of the ACDH's I have seen and
learned about, and also of all gold champagne horses.)
This, plus photos and information from Chris
Ertl, my visit to Carol Pshigoda's Cream
Acres, and other reading, convinced me that the ideal ACDH was, and is, a true
gold champagne. But that's for another page.
took another turn here, as I looked to see whether the Hanoverian Royal Creams were
the origins of the American Cream Draft Horse. The timing was almost
right; the creams were dispersed around 1920, and Old Granny, the foundation mare of
the ACDH breed, appeared in Iowa around 1911.
Hanoverian Royal Creams
the book recommended by Julia Lord's British friend:
event pictured at left, her Diamond Jubilee (with "eight creams"), is described by Queen Victoria
in her diary, excerpts of which were online at one time. Another diary entry of Queen Victoria's, mentioning "six creams",
WAS HERE: http://www.royal.gov.uk/history/journ06.htm
|The diaries appear to
have been completely removed from the official British royal site. I
should have copied them. I've tried many times, and many ways, to find them
again, but have never received an answer to any of my emails about
them, nor found
them. I'm learning to not link to others' info, but instead, to make my
own copy for safekeeping!
Lord sent a link which had this photo at the bottom, of George III being pulled by
Creams (click thumbnail at left to see full size). The whole web
site on which these pictures and information were located is now gone, so I
have removed the link to the page. The picture is clickable to enlarge
||<= "The Coronation procession of William IV (detail of the
frieze by Richard Barrett Davis on display in the Royal Mews)."
Not clickable -- So sorry, a larger size is no longer available to
Anyone having a copy of this, or knowing of a link to it, please let me
coronation of Edward VII (again, this picture is only available slightly
larger if you click on it.) We're not sure if these horses (pulling the coach) are the Creams or later
grays, but they certainly look like the Creams. Need a date for the
event. Someone wrote to me with this date.
Please write again, your information was somehow lost.
Trivia: The earliest reference I can find to the color name "champagne"
in Europe, so far, was applied by a queen of England to the color of the
FJORDS, which do not carry the actual champagne gene.
Trivia: there is a possible Appaloosa connection. Not
sure if we'll get more into that, but the first graphic of text from the
Masters of the Horse book, above, says that "some of the creams from
Hanover were bred to certain tiger-coloured horses, apparently creams
with darker spots."
Queen Mum's coach, from "Queens Elizabeth the Queen Mother: Chronicle of a
Remarkable Life 1900--2000" (Hardcover) by DK Publishing (Author).
Sorry, not clickable.
coronation of George V, coach pulled by "creams", from a
postcard, image provided by Carolyn Shepard. Click to enlarge.
The following excerpt is from this page:
Thank goodness I quoted it here and did not merely link to it, as this web
site is now gone, too!
Thanks to Gwendolyn Gregorio for
pointing it out.
"Elector Ernest Augustus (1629 - 1698) adopted the white horse for
his coat of arms. The Electress Sophia began the development of the famous white
or cream Hanoverian coach horses. A long tradition already existed in preference
for white German horses. The Hanoverian Creams, also known as Isabellas, were
used in British royal processions from the reign of George I to George V, when
they were replaced by the Windsor Greys.
Note added 31 Mar 2011: Evidence has since come to my attention that the
whites were sabino-type white horses (they evidently existed in Germany
before the Creams were developed.)
these interesting excerpts from the
Palomino Horse Association is the Original Palomino Registry incorporated
in 1936. Today's Palomino Horse Association is the continuation of the
registry which officially began in California in 1935, when Dick Halliday
registered the golden stallion El Rey de Los Reyes to begin the records of
his envisioned true Palomino Breed. Mr. Halliday researched the
golden horses for many years. He started writing magazine articles that
brought the Palomino into public attention. His articles created a great
deal of interest in the Palomino, and within a few years, hundreds of
breeders were specializing in the production of this color."
Palomino has come down through the pages of history. There are stories of
the Golden Ones linked to the Crusades; the mail-clad Crusaders saw them
on the battlefield when they fought the desert chiefs of Saladin who rode
them. You will find stories about them among the Arabs and the Moors.
During the days of the Crusades the Emir Saladin presented
Richard-Coeur-de-Lion with two splendid war horses, one was a gray and the
other a Golden Palomino. The place of origin of the Palomino probably
never will be conclusively determined. Myths and legends of various
countries shroud the beginnings of the golden horse which is no modern
phenomenon. The golden horse with ivory-colored mane and tail appears in
ancient tapestries and paintings of Europe and Asia, as well in Japenese
and Chinese art of past centuries."
has the history of the Palomino been recorded, but most horsemen agree
that all light bodied horses have descended from the Arab and the
splendid golden horses were favored by her Majesty Ysabella de-Bourbon,
that beloved queen who pawned her jewels that the expenses of the
expedition which discovered the New World might be paid. In the Remuda
Real of Spain, Queen Ysabella kept a full hundred of these animals and as
the chosen favorites of the crown, only the members of the royal family
and the nobles of the household were permitted to ride them. A commoner
might not even own one. It is recorded that Queen Ysabella sent a Palomino
stallion and five mares to her Viceroy in New Spain, which is to say
Mexico, to perpetuate the golden horse in the New World. From this
nucleus, the blood spread into Texas plains, and from Texas it came to
word 'Palomino' is a Spanish surname. Many feel that Palomino is
only a color and not a breed, which is true in that the color of Palomino
comes in all breeds, but the Palomino of Spanish times, the Golden Dorado,
was as close to being a breed as any strain of horse. The Dorado was of
Arabic-Moorish-Spanish blood and breeding, closely akin to the Arabian and
the Moorish Barb. The Palomino of Spanish
times was not bred by being crossed with sorrels. The Spanish had many
shades of golden horses, and when they did use 'Corral
Breeding', a light color Palomino mare would be mated with a very
dark-colored Palomino stallion. This point has been noted in an old book
and printed in Barcelona in 1774."
• Also known as Golden Horse, Buttermilk Horse, Golden Horse of the West,
Cafe-au-Lait in France, Royal Hanoverian Cream, Hanoverian Cream in England,
Isabella, Y'sabella and Golden Horse of the Queen
• The ancient golden palomino colouring occurs in a variety of horses and ponies
- the Palomino is therefore registered as a type, as opposed to a breed
• The Spanish brought the palomino colouring to America which is the only place
where the horses are recognized as a breed
• The American Palomino Horse Association registers horses measuring between
14.1 and 16 hands high. To qualify for registration, one parent must be
registered and the other must be Quarter Horse, Arab or Thoroughbred
• The name of this horse may derive from a Spanish don, Juan de Palomino or a
golden Spanish grape
• This horses origins are likely to come from ancient China. History tells
stories of early Chinese emperors riding golden horses. However, as mentioned
they came to American from Spain
• When the Spanish were defeated the Palominos escaped and joined wild mustang
bands. They became a popular mount for cowboys.
• The Palomino was developed by Queen Isabella of Spain in the 15th century for
her personal use
• The mane and tail are silvery white and should not contain more than 15% dark
• Eyes are dark or hazel and both same color
• There may be white markings on face
• An alert, curious horse who despite being fiery, works well with people
• Popular Uses: Riding, parades, stock work, driving and pleasure
Received August 26, 2004 from Julia Lord:
>From another list:
Subject: Notice in Virginia Gazette (year 1737!)
Hi (list member),
As you were compiling a list of imported horses to England I thought you
might be interested in an item from the Virginia Gazette of 8 July 1737,
reporting on news from London.
"On Saturday last, about Two o'Clock, his Majesty, attended by his Grace the
Duke of Richmond, the Lord in Waiting, and Sir Robert Walpole, went in a Chair
to the Royal Stables in the Meuse at Charing-Cross, and viewed the Eight
beautiful Horses which were landed at the Tower on Friday last,
Four of which
were Mouse-color'd, and the other Dun and somewhat Cream-colour'd; and according
to their appearance, and their being so finely moulded, the Gentlemen skilled in
Horsemanship are of the Opinion, that they are the best they
ever saw bred in Germany." (this webmaster's emphasis)
Someone else has written (not I) :
"King George I of Hanover brought 'the famous cream horses'
from his homeland into England during his reign from 1714 -
1727. They pulled the royal state coaches until 1920 when the
herd was dispersed for economic reasons. The paintings and
photos all show apparent black-based champagnes." (in that
This webmaster has seen one older shipping document (about
one of the Creams being dispersed) referring to the color of one of
the RHC mares as "dun". Of course, we do not
believe the color was "dun" as the term is commonly used by horse
color experts, but rather, the "dictionary definition", a mousey
Napoleon was said by one writer to have procured some Hanoverian
Creams to pull his coach, as well, which greatly upset the British royals. Here is
some of what I've found about Napoleon's coach horses:
postcard I own, depicting Napoleon's coach and advertising bouillon cubes!
Click these thumbnails to see the quite large scans I made of its front and
back. The back describes the carriage and its escort, etc. which roughly
"Any external luxury is banished on this simple 'barouche' style carriage,
whose imperial eagle is the only ornament making it possible to recognize the
occupant. It was in this modest car that the emperor, escorted by his red
lancers, used to go to inspect the fields, and it was also this which drew him
to the battle fields until the time when he would mount his famous white horse
to direct the battle."
Watercolor-and-ink of carriage horses from
Napoleon's coronation and marriage.
I've lost the link, will try to find
Again, note the light, even skin color. Accurate or
An eBay PRINT of Napoleon's coach and horses.
These just look like two grays and two bays, though.
Anyone who wants to help, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
. Thanks, and I hope you enjoyed this page!
Coronation of WIlliam IV -- This is not the picture of this title for which I'm looking, but: